What is a Medicine?

Written by on November 14, 2018

Medicine is the science and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases. The medicine covers a range of health care practices developed to maintain and restore health through prevention and treatment of the disease. Contemporary medicine refers to the biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics and medical technologies to diagnose, treat and prevent injuries and illnesses, usually through medication or surgery, but also through a variety of psychotherapies, external foot and tow therapies, medical products, biological products and ionizing products. radiation, among others.

Medicine has existed for thousands of years, during which the majority of them were arts (space of know-how and knowledge) often related to the religious and philosophical convictions of the local culture. For example, the healer would apply herbs and pray for prayers to heal, or the former philosopher and doctor would apply the bloodthirsty to the theories of humor. In recent centuries, since the advent of modern science, medicine has become a mixture of art and science (fundamental and applied, under the auspices of medical science).

The antiscientific forms of medicine are now known as traditional medicine. They are still often used with or in place of scientific medicine and are therefore called alternative medicine.

Medicine is:

  1. A Drug.

Art of prevention or treatment of the disease; Science is worried about the disease in all its relationships, Research and treatment of general diseases or affecting the internal parts of the body, especially those that do not generally require surgery.

  1. “traditional medicine” means:

“The sum total of knowledge, skills and procedures based on the theory, beliefs and experiences of different Aboriginal cultures, usable or not, for the maintenance of health and prevention, diagnosis, improvement or treatment of physical diseases, in practice and mentally. ”

When we are considering a drug, we often talk about a pill. Medicine can be administered in many ways, such as:

ingestion of liquid

Eye liquids that are put in the ears or eyes.

Creams, gels or fats that rub on the skin.

inhalers (such as nasal sprays or asthma inhalers)

patches that are attached to the skin (called transdermal patches)

Tablets placed under the tongue (called sublingual drugs, the drug is absorbed by the blood vessels and enters the bloodstream)

Injections (injections) or intravenous drugs (inserted into a vein).

Different Types of Medicines and Its importance

  • Drugs work in different ways. Some can cure the disease by killing or stopping the spread of invasive germs, such as bacteria and viruses. Others are used to treat cancer by killing cells because they share them or prevent them from multiplying. Some drugs replace missing substances or correct low concentrations of natural chemicals in the body, such as hormones or vitamins. Medications can even affect parts of the nervous system that control the body’s process.
  • Almost everyone has taken antibiotics. This type of medicine fights bacterial infections. Your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic for problems such as strep throat or ear infections. Antibiotics kill the bacteria or prevent their multiplication for the immune system to fight the infection.
  • Some medicines cure the symptoms but cannot cure the disease that causes them. (The symptom is everything you feel when you’re sick, like a cough or nausea). Thus, taking pain can relieve sore throat but does not kill the Streptococcus bacteria.
  • Some medicines relieve pain. If you contract your muscles, your doctor may ask you to take ibuprofen or acetaminophen. These painkillers, or analgesics, do not eliminate the source of pain: the muscle will always be separated. What they want is to block the pathways that transmit the signs of pain in the injured or irritated part of the brain body (in other words, it affects how the brain reads the reported pain) so as not to hurt as much as your body recovers. .
  • Elderly people sometimes develop chronic or long-term conditions. Medications can help control things like high blood pressure or high cholesterol. These medications do not cure the underlying problem, but can prevent some of its harmful effects on the body over time.
  • Vaccines (or vaccines) are among the most important drugs. First, they prevent people from struggling to immunize or protect their bodies from certain infectious diseases. Vaccines usually contain a small amount of a substance similar to a specific swelling or a bacterium that has been altered or suppressed. Whenever a vaccine prepares the immune system to “remember” the seed, you can fight infections in those cheeks in the future.
  • Most vaccines that prevent contracting diseases such as measles, wheezing and watercress are injected. Nobody thinks the recordings are fun. But preventing the disease can be very serious and cause symptoms that last much longer than the temporary discomfort of the vaccine. To simplify your life, you can now receive vaccines in many pharmacies.

In conclusion

Taking medicine can sometimes be disturbed. But medicine are the most important and effective treatments available for many diseases. If you have questions about the medicine or how to take it, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

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